Hazardous Waste Facilities

Under the BC Hazardous Waste Regulation, facilities are defined as any piece of equipment, process, or constructed works that is used to handle or deal with a hazardous waste.  The most common types of facilities (often referred to as Receivers / Processors) include:
Hazardous waste

Incinerators | An incinerator is a type of thermal treatment facility that uses controlled conditions to burn wastes. Facilities that use processes such as pyrolysis or plasma arc are defined as thermal treatment systems rather than incinerators.  This distinction is important as there is a difference between the requirements for these types of facilities.

In-Situ Management | An in-situ management facility can only occur on a historical contaminated site.  These facilities are used to reduce the impact of contamination on such sites, without substantial physical alteration of the site. Examples are slurry walls to control the flow of groundwater or bioremediation to treat toxic contaminants.

Land Treatment | The most common forms of land treatment are land farms or bio farms that use natural or enhanced biological processes to treat a waste. The facility must be designed firstly to contain the waste and secondly to maximize the desired biological activity.  An area where waste is simply spread onto the ground without prior technical investigation or other management action is not acceptable land treatment.

Mobile | Any facility that is designed to be transported from site to site is a mobile facility.  Usually these are chemical or thermal treatment units mounted on trucks, trailers, or rail cars.  The HW Regulation limits the number of hours of operation and the quantity of waste that may be treated at these facilities for them to be considered mobile.

Recycle | A recycle facility can only be those where a hazardous waste or waste residue is wholly utilized.  There can be no residue and processes that apply to land, burning or where the main purpose is waste management are excluded.

Treatment | A treatment facility is a place where the physical or chemical properties of a hazardous waste are changed to reduce or eliminate one or more of its hazards.  Treatment facilities may be located either at the point of generation or off site.

Waste Pile | A waste pile is a facility where solid hazardous waste is stored or treated.  This definition does not include wastes in containers and therefore normally applies to bulk storage of wastes. The waste may be stored outdoors if the weather does not have a detrimental effect on it.

Hazardous waste Facilities (Receiver / Processors) in British Columbia are authorized to manage certain wastes as outlined in the HW Regulation.  The following quick reference guide lists the approved hazardous waste capabilities of those companies operating in British Columbia by waste stream (includes contact information).

British Columbia Hazardous Waste Receiver/Processor List

For further information refer to this Fact Sheet:

004 Selecting a Hazardous Waste Receiver / Processor